Predictable, ineffective and dangerous: Impacts of anti-association laws

A placard that reads "Racism is the real crime"  By Charandev Singh

Monday 30 July, 2018

Anti-Consorting Laws will intensify criminalisation of Indigenous and communities of colour and escalate police racial profiling and abuse


New anti-consorting laws proposed by the Andrews government and Victoria Police are reactionary, ineffective and extraordinarily harmful pieces of legislation.

Rather than champion evidence-based community lead, effective responses these laws reinforce and reward Peter Dutton’s and the State opposition’s ‘out of control African gangs’ and anti-Black narrative It will only prompt them to escalate their own policies and overt racism.

Law and order populism shifts our criminal justice systems away from prevention and rehabilitation into ever increasing and self-defeating cycles of imprisonment and criminiogenic practices. It’s a psychological, cultural and political dynamic that helps generate more crime, and reduces hard won rights and freedoms.  By bringing these laws forward now, four months before the state election, the Andrews Government ceded ground to the opposition.

These laws would provide yet another way in which young people will be criminalised and tagged for life as ‘gang-members’ or ‘gang associates’ with all the flow on exclusionary impacts for young people’s education and employment prospects.



“Social inclusion and connection is crucial for young people reintegrating into the community after spending time in a youth detention facility. But now police can decide who a kid is allowed to hang out with.” – Megan Fitzgerald, Fitzroy Legal Service


These laws will be used to discriminate.  Assumptions and views that the police form about people, as opposed to proper evidence, is all that is required to bring long-lasting criminal consequences upon young people.  Like other ‘anti-gang’ injunctions, control-orders and gang databases overseas, they will institutionalise and escalate racial profiling.

They come after decades of intensive, discriminatory, and exclusionary policing of young people of African-background in Victoria.

Group pf people holing banner that reads - Dont Legalise Racial ProfilingAnti-association laws like this criminalise entire communities and entire generations. They send the visceral and racist message that these communities are outside the law and outside the protection of human rights.

Young people are easily trapped in a system that harms rather than supports them. The orders for young people from 14 years have a 12-month limit, but can be rolled over and will likely remain part of that young persons’ police record permanently. The police surveillance required to monitor these orders will be persistent, intrusive, and extraordinarily harmful.

They undermine the prospects of rehabilitation, education and support. They criminalise even potentially pro-social activities that can help a child stay out of trouble and carry 3-year prison terms if orders are breached.   Anti-association laws like this breach basic child rights and human rights to assembly, association, freedom of movement and access to education.

When independently examined, it was found that similar New South Wales legislation targeted Aboriginal young people and women, homeless and other vulnerable people. Equivalent NSW laws were repeatedly found to be used unlawfully,  especially against children and young people.  There was an “exceptionally high level of police error’ over warnings and that the laws were being misused “in ways that are at odds with their stated purpose.”

The ‘protections’ in the Victorian version are not adequate to prevent this.

These laws will further tear at the fabric of the Victorian community and will further undermine trust in police in communities already experiencing intense over-policing.

There is a real risk that they will be expanded by future governments to undermine the rights to protest, of peaceful assembly and trade union rights of association.

We strongly recommend that these laws be rejected outright.

The Flemington Kensington Community Legal Centre will continue to work alongside our communities and vows to vigorously defend the fundamental basic rights of all Victorians against these draconian and ineffective laws.


The Justice Legislation Amendment (Unlawful Association and Criminal Appeals) Bill 2018 currently before Parliament.

Media and Resources:

The Bill in its current form before the Victorian Parliament.

Justice Legislation Amendment (Unlawful Association and Criminal Appeals) Bill 2018

Melanie Poole, Federation of Community Legal Centres on Channel 9 (Video), 24 July 2018

Andrews Government rushes in dangerous and excessive anti-democratic laws, Human Rights Law Centre, 24 July 2018

“Community groups from across Victoria—including the Federation of Community Legal Centres, Human Rights Law Centre, Victorian Council of Social Service and Fitzroy Legal Service—are calling for the laws to be abandoned…

Youth advocates challenge need for Victorian anti-association law, Peter Lloyd, ABC PM, 27 Jul 2018

“The Andrews Government in Victoria is facing a growing backlash over its new laws that would give police expanded powers to prevent people as young as 14 from associating with other young people.

Victoria Government denies ‘extraordinary’ new anti-association powers aimed at ‘youth gangs’, ABC News, 24 July 2018

“The Victorian Government is under attack over new laws that would give police expanded powers to prevent people as young as 14 from associating with those convicted of serious offences.

Victorian anti-gang laws could target 14-year-olds with no criminal record, Luke Henriques-Gomes, The Guardian Australia,

“Police in Victoria could ban “cleanskin” teenagers from associating with adolescents who have been convicted of a criminal offence – in person and on social media – under new anti-consorting laws that legal groups warn represent a dangerous overreach.

Gillian Triggs – anti-association laws are a risk, Statement by Justice Connect, 24 July 2018

“These laws could disproportionately affect people facing homelessness, who are often forced to live their lives in public spaces,” said Professor Gillian Triggs, Chair of Justice Connect.

Anti-gang laws target young and marginalised, Karin Derkley, Law Institute of Victoria,

“It will target young people of colour, including Aboriginal young people, young people from poorer areas, as well as children in the foster care system who have much higher rates of criminalisation just based on the fact that they’re institutionalised from such a young age,” says Ms Poole.

Woman holding a placrad that reads: "Racism is the real crime" Saturday 28th July 2018 Photo by Charandev Singh

Photo here and top by Charandev Singh. Melbourne, Saturday 28th July 2018


Photo Insert: “Dont Legalize Racial Profiling” photo – Oakland California USA – as part of the successful community campaign against civil gang injunctions.


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